Frac, Fracking, or Hydraulic Fracturing…you have come to this site to learn more about a topic that is hotly debated throughout the world. By now you have probably heard both pros and cons of what is more commonly known as frac or fracking, and if you are like me you have begun to wonder where the truth lies. As with most discussions about energy production and consumption there are many topics to argue. Politcal leanings, economic impact and environmental impact all play a huge role in North Amercan energy independence.
Like many of you, I am an American who wants our country to succeed economically with job growth and energy production here at home, without concerns that doing so will leave our planet worse for the wear.
So this site has been created to give you the opportunity to research what the experts have to say about hydraulic fracturing and make your own informed opinion about using hydraulic fracturing to produce energy independence for North America.
DEFINITION OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURING
Hydraulic fracturing is the process of drilling for natural gas and oil underneath the ground. Water mixed with other components is pumped into the ground to create cracks (also referred to as fissures or fractures) to release the gas into wells that have been built for collection.
Typically, steel pipe known as surface casing is cemented into place at the uppermost portion of a well for the explicit purpose of protecting the groundwater. The depth of the surface casing is generally determined based on groundwater protection, among other factors. As the well is drilled deeper, additional casing is installed to isolate the formation(s) from which oil or natural gas is to be produced, which further protects groundwater from the producing formations in the well.
Casing and cementing are critical parts of the well construction that not only protect any water zones, but are also important to successful oil or natural gas production from hydrocarbon bearing zones. Industry well design practices protect sources of drinking water from the other geologic zone of an oil and natural gas well with multiple layers of impervious rock.
While 99.5 percent of the fluids used consist of water and sand, some chemicals are added to improve the flow. The composition of the chemical mixes varies from well to well.